The U.S. Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard have released a joint strategy outline oriented towards countering Chinese expansionism in the Western Pacific. It reiterates Navy and Marine Corps’ doctrine and force structure goals – like distributing capability across a large number of smaller, cheaper, potentially unmanned platforms – and adds in an overseas presence and law enforcement role for the U.S. Coast Guard. It also recognizes the need to recapitalize the civilian-operated sealift fleet to sustain go-anywhere dominance on the high seas.
“Since the beginning of the 21st century, our three Sea Services have watched with alarm the growing naval power of the People’s Republic of China and the increasingly aggressive behavior of the Russian Federation,” wrote the three services’ top officers in a joint statement. “Optimism that China and Russia might become responsible leaders contributing to global security has given way to recognition that they are determined rivals. The People’s Republic of China represents the most pressing, long-term strategic threat.”
The strategy recognizes China’s growing sea power and warns that without rapid development of a “modernized, integrated all-domain naval force,” the Navy may no longer be able to guarantee the security of America’s maritime interests. “The boldness of our actions must match the magnitude of our moment. The security of our nation depends on our ability to maintain advantage at sea,” wrote Marine Corps Commandant Gen. David Berger, Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Michael Gilday and Coast Guard Commandant Karl Schultz.
The strategy recognizes China’s multipronged approach to eroding American power at sea – undermining international maritime law, cutting off access to logistics hubs, controlling the use of key choke points, and displacing the U.S. as the partner of choice in developing coastal nations. China uses a large, multi-layered military and (nominally) civilian fleet to accomplish its goals, including PLA Navy, China Coast Guard and “maritime militia” fishing vessels, deployed for presence and coercion operations short of war. China already has the world’s largest naval force, and it is investing heavily in growing and modernizing it with new cutters, surface combatants and submarines. Through the Belt and Road initiative, it is also building out civilian port infrastructure in overseas nations, which can be repurposed for naval sustainment.
“China is the only rival with the combined economic and military potential to present a long-term, comprehensive challenge to the United States,” the services warned. “Naval Service operations and force posture will focus on countering PRC malign behavior globally and strengthening regional deterrence in the Indo-Pacific region.”
The near-term effort to counter Chinese influence centers on deterring “incrementalism” – the “salami-slicing” strategy employed by Chinese forces to gradually assert control over contested areas. “Deterring and contesting incrementalism requires firm and persuasive operations to confront malign behavior. Ready, forward-deployed naval forces will accept calculated tactical risks and adopt a more assertive posture in our day-to-day operations,” the services wrote.
The U.S. Coast Guard plays a role in this effort by enforcing the rule of law – conducting freedom of navigation operations to challenge illegal maritime claims, combating illegal fishing and transnational crime with its boarding and law enforcement capabilities, and enforcing sanctions through maritime interdiction operations. “Coast Guard forces provide additional tools for crisis management through capabilities that can de-escalate maritime standoffs nonlethally,” according to the strategy.
This forward-deployed deterrence and warfighting capability depends on a robust logistics system. Without a regular resupply of jet fuel, a nuclear-powered carrier cannot generate fighter sorties, and without bunkering, a destroyer or cruiser cannot provide air defense or pursue an anti-submarine or anti-surface mission. Ground forces cannot sustain operations for extended periods without regular resupply of ammunition and spare parts.
To address the shortcomings of the aging U.S. logistics fleet, the plan calls for accelerating the sealift recapitalization strategy for the prepositioning fleet and the Ready Reserve Force. This includes “increased resourcing for sealift operations, maintaining service life extensions, and prioritizing the efficient replacement of the oldest and least ready vessels.”
It also calls for cooperation with the Department of Transportation and the Maritime Administration to “foster a healthy commercial maritime industry that can more effectively support force mobilizations.”
Go to Source
A massive fire broke out at the Port of Beirut on Thursday, incinerating a warehouse full of tires and oil within the port’s free zone. The same area was heavily damaged in the ammonium nitrate explosion that leveled the central port area and the adjacent waterfront on August 4. According to Lebanon’s civil defense agency, […]
Over the course of the past five days, the Australian Maritime Safety Authority arranged a medical intervention for an injured aboard a freighter in the Indian Ocean. On Saturday evening, the Spliethoff tweendecker Dolfijngracht called for assistance while under way about 1,000 nauical miles off the coast of Western Australia. A crewmember had sustained serious […]
The naval forces of the US and Bahrain recently staged a joint force training exercise which showcased the interoperability between coalition warships operating I the Arabian Gulf. Coalition Task Force Sentinel executed combined exercise Sentinel Shield supporting Sentry and Sentinel patrols in the coalition’s area of operations. The guided-missile destroyer USS John Paul Jones and […]
With close to 100 daily cargo flights operated to a destination network spanning more than 65 cities across six continents, Emirates SkyCargo is delivering essential supplies and commodities to people around the world. The air cargo carrier is currently operating 11 Boeing 777 freighter aircraft, each with a capacity to transport about 100 tonnes of […]
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has released a Marine Accident Brief about an accident that occurred on April 15, 2019, involving the towing vessel DeJeanne Maria which struck the end of a submerged dredge pipeline while pushing two spud barges to the Gulf of Mexico. The incident occurred on the Mississippi River in Pass […]
Best known as a leading passenger airport serving Germany’s most populated federal state North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf has become transformed into a vital distribution point, during the COVID 19 pandemic, for medical equipment and other life-saving goods, mostly from China. Gerton Hulsman, managing director of cargo operations, reports that the handling teams are working hard to […]
DSV Belgium has solid experience in the transport of pharmaceutical products for different customers. With a pharma hub based at Brussels Airport a lot of experience and know-how has been built up over the years. Last weekend, the forwarder handled one hundred million mouth masks, an important milestone for its Belgian organisation that has put […]
The UK government’s new post-Brexit tariff regime will result in both winners and losers. The new regime is set to replace the European Union’s Common External Tariff from the end of the Brexit Transition Period on December 31, 2020. The UK’s commitment to the ongoing Brexit process and ending the UK’s transition from EU membership […]
Emirates SkyCargo has expanded its weekly scheduled cargo flight operations to cover 75 destinations across six continents. Through its wider reach, Emirates SkyCargo is able to transport essential commodities and other urgently needed cargo more rapidly across the world, allowing exporters and importers across markets to benefit from direct access to widebody cargo capacity. Some […]
Global commercial aviation charter company Albion Aviation Group is reporting that it is seeing a considerable uptake in its professional cargo broker training courses from the current global pandemic crisis and surge in charter demand. “We have completed a number webinar courses for a whole of host of companies, looking to manage their own cargo […]
Operators can continue to use pilots and other crew members who have unable to comply with certain training, recent experience, testing, and checking requirements due to the COVID-19 outbreak in support of essential operations. Additionally, this Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) provides regulatory relief to certain persons and pilot schools unable to meet duration and […]
Astral Aviation has increased its intra-African network with cargo freighters during the pandemic. While there has been a reduction in capacity to, from, and within Africa, which has been caused by a stoppage of passenger flights and limited frequencies on freighter aircraft, Astral Aviation continues to operate cargo freighters from its Nairobi hub to 13 destinations […]
The U-Freight Group (UFL), with its considerable involvement in eCommerce logistics, says that the latest statistics showing that global e-commerce sales hit $25.6 trillion in 2018 are a further vindication of its decision to enter this sector of the international freight market several years ago. The latest available estimates, up 8% from 2017, were recently […]
Callan Marine is serving as the prime contractor to the Texas Department of Transportation for a maintenance dredging project located at the Bolivar Ferry Terminal, in Galveston, Texas. Work began in May and is estimated to be complete in late July 2020. The project consists of the removal of 600,000 cubic yards of material and […]
Network Airline Management and TAAG Angola Airlines are pleased to announce the renewal of their long-term freighter aircraft contract by an additional 12 months, sealing an ongoing partnership for the foreseeable future. Operating a regular weekly scheduled service from Liege, Belgium, to the capital of Angola, Luanda, Network Airline Management provides a Boeing 747-400F aircraft […]
Qatar Airways Cargo transported 56 SkyCell containers with vaccines from one of the largest vaccine manufacturers worldwide on its scheduled freighter and belly-hold cargo flights for its customer, CEVA Logistics. The 54-tonne shipment consisting of pneumococcal and varicella vaccines were flown from Brussels to Mumbai via the carrier’s hub in Doha on two separate flights. […]