The U.K.’s Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) recently issued a detailed accident report investigating the 2017 loss of containers from Evergreen Marine Corp.’s 7000 TEU container ship Ever Smart. The detailed report finds that Evergreen needs to enhance its safety operations, including recommendations for maintenance, education on heavy weather conditions, and improved use and adherence to planning tools onshore and aboard ship.
The accident, which resulted in 42 containers being lost overboard and another 34 being damaged, began after the UK-registered Ever Smart departed Taipei, Taiwan on her regularly scheduled voyage to Los Angeles. According to the report, the ship sailed on October 26, 2017, initially maintain a speed of 18 knots but the day after departure the captain aware of heavy weather steered the vessel further south to avoid the worst of the weather on his route.
Three days after departing Taiwan, the winds increased to force 8 (34-40 knots) and with the ship heavily rolling and pitching in the increasing seas the captain ordered heavy weather procedures. This included closing weathertight and watertight doors and confiding the crew to the accommodation block. The ship’s pitching and shuttering increased with a roll of 10 to 12 degrees prompting the captain to decide to slow the vessel to 16 knots.
With the weather subsiding, the captain ordered an inspection of the cargo lashings late on the afternoon of October 30, at which time they discovered the containers in the aft most bay has collapsed. They also observed that three containers were hanging over the side of the ship, but with darkness approaching it was determined that a complete inspection could not be made till the following morning. At that time they determined that 42 containers were missing including two of the three that the prior evening had been hanging over the side of the ship were now gone. The Ever Smart proceeded to Los Angeles where she arrived on November 8. Investigators from MAIB conducted a detailed inspection of the ship in Los Angeles along with surveyors from Lloyd’s Register the ship’s classification society.
7,00 TEU container ship Ever Smart of Evergreen Marine Corp – courtesy of MAIB
The detailed report reviews the conditions and decencies identified on the ship and with its containers and loading. The inspectors reported finding broken twistlocks and bent lashing rods and turnbuckles close to the damaged containers as well as corroded twistlocks. Also several of the lashing rods inspected were found to be slack. Maintenance of the twistlocks by the ship’s crew was also termed problematic in the report.
The report concluded that several factors contributed to the accident including issues with the container weight distribution, lashing arrangements, and the ship’s motion. The stow collapse the report says was probably initiated by a lashing system or structural container failure. They found failures with the container stowage plan, container weight distribution, not lashing in accordance with instructions, and lashing rod turnbuckle locks that had not been applied. Additionally, the ship’s loading computer was not fully utilized and warnings regarding limits were not acknowledged or ignored.
The report concluded that the master’s course and speed alterations were effective. However, hull vibrations probably resulting from whipping forces transferred through the hull as the ship’s bow slammed into the sea and stern shaking, along with the gale force winds, were also cited as contributing factors.
MAIB’s recommendations to Evergreen focused on three areas. First highlighting to masters the increased risk of cargo damage from hull slamming and stern shuddering in heavy weather. They also called for an inspection program for lashing equipment and training and processes to ensure shore planners use the ship’s loading computers. The report also highlights the importance of checking permissible load limits for containers and lashing systems.
The nearly 100-page report provides a detailed review of the ongoing issue of container losses at sea. A recent report from the World Shipping Council (WSC) finds that the incidents of containers lost overboard have been on the decline and is a small percentage of the total annual volume of containers transported at sea. Despite these findings, there have recently been several incidents including the APL England’s recent loss of containers off Australia. Also Mediterranean Shipping Company is currently working to respond to the loss of 22 containers from its vessel the MSC Palak in heavy weather off South Africa just two weeks ago.
The Australian Maritime Safety Board also announced that starting in August it will be conducting mandatory inspections on all container ships arriving in Australian ports looking at the cargo stowage and gear as well as crew education.
The complete report on the Ever Smart is available from the Marine Accident Investigation Branch.
A massive fire broke out at the Port of Beirut on Thursday, incinerating a warehouse full of tires and oil within the port’s free zone. The same area was heavily damaged in the ammonium nitrate explosion that leveled the central port area and the adjacent waterfront on August 4. According to Lebanon’s civil defense agency, […]
Over the course of the past five days, the Australian Maritime Safety Authority arranged a medical intervention for an injured aboard a freighter in the Indian Ocean. On Saturday evening, the Spliethoff tweendecker Dolfijngracht called for assistance while under way about 1,000 nauical miles off the coast of Western Australia. A crewmember had sustained serious […]
The naval forces of the US and Bahrain recently staged a joint force training exercise which showcased the interoperability between coalition warships operating I the Arabian Gulf. Coalition Task Force Sentinel executed combined exercise Sentinel Shield supporting Sentry and Sentinel patrols in the coalition’s area of operations. The guided-missile destroyer USS John Paul Jones and […]
DSV Belgium has solid experience in the transport of pharmaceutical products for different customers. With a pharma hub based at Brussels Airport a lot of experience and know-how has been built up over the years. Last weekend, the forwarder handled one hundred million mouth masks, an important milestone for its Belgian organisation that has put […]
The U-Freight Group (UFL), with its considerable involvement in eCommerce logistics, says that the latest statistics showing that global e-commerce sales hit $25.6 trillion in 2018 are a further vindication of its decision to enter this sector of the international freight market several years ago. The latest available estimates, up 8% from 2017, were recently […]
The UK government’s new post-Brexit tariff regime will result in both winners and losers. The new regime is set to replace the European Union’s Common External Tariff from the end of the Brexit Transition Period on December 31, 2020. The UK’s commitment to the ongoing Brexit process and ending the UK’s transition from EU membership […]
Astral Aviation has increased its intra-African network with cargo freighters during the pandemic. While there has been a reduction in capacity to, from, and within Africa, which has been caused by a stoppage of passenger flights and limited frequencies on freighter aircraft, Astral Aviation continues to operate cargo freighters from its Nairobi hub to 13 destinations […]
With close to 100 daily cargo flights operated to a destination network spanning more than 65 cities across six continents, Emirates SkyCargo is delivering essential supplies and commodities to people around the world. The air cargo carrier is currently operating 11 Boeing 777 freighter aircraft, each with a capacity to transport about 100 tonnes of […]
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has released a Marine Accident Brief about an accident that occurred on April 15, 2019, involving the towing vessel DeJeanne Maria which struck the end of a submerged dredge pipeline while pushing two spud barges to the Gulf of Mexico. The incident occurred on the Mississippi River in Pass […]
Best known as a leading passenger airport serving Germany’s most populated federal state North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf has become transformed into a vital distribution point, during the COVID 19 pandemic, for medical equipment and other life-saving goods, mostly from China. Gerton Hulsman, managing director of cargo operations, reports that the handling teams are working hard to […]
Operators can continue to use pilots and other crew members who have unable to comply with certain training, recent experience, testing, and checking requirements due to the COVID-19 outbreak in support of essential operations. Additionally, this Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) provides regulatory relief to certain persons and pilot schools unable to meet duration and […]
Emirates SkyCargo has expanded its weekly scheduled cargo flight operations to cover 75 destinations across six continents. Through its wider reach, Emirates SkyCargo is able to transport essential commodities and other urgently needed cargo more rapidly across the world, allowing exporters and importers across markets to benefit from direct access to widebody cargo capacity. Some […]
Global commercial aviation charter company Albion Aviation Group is reporting that it is seeing a considerable uptake in its professional cargo broker training courses from the current global pandemic crisis and surge in charter demand. “We have completed a number webinar courses for a whole of host of companies, looking to manage their own cargo […]
The First DP2, Twin-Hulled SOV in the World, NB72 Groene Wind met the Sea on September 29. 2020 in Yalova, Turkey. The Groene Wind will be directly chartered to Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy for the maintenance of the Rentel and Mermaid & Seastar (known as SeaMade) offshore wind farms in Belgium. This is the first DP2, […]
Callan Marine is serving as the prime contractor to the Texas Department of Transportation for a maintenance dredging project located at the Bolivar Ferry Terminal, in Galveston, Texas. Work began in May and is estimated to be complete in late July 2020. The project consists of the removal of 600,000 cubic yards of material and […]
Network Airline Management and TAAG Angola Airlines are pleased to announce the renewal of their long-term freighter aircraft contract by an additional 12 months, sealing an ongoing partnership for the foreseeable future. Operating a regular weekly scheduled service from Liege, Belgium, to the capital of Angola, Luanda, Network Airline Management provides a Boeing 747-400F aircraft […]