The world’s first Advanced Variable Drive (AVDTM) tugboat with its unique application of hydro-mechanical hybrid propulsion in the marine segment, Bogacay XXXVIII, continues to provide towage services across a broad range of customers in Izmit Bay.
Since her introduction into the Sanmar operated fleet on February 25, 2020, following her auspicious commissioning ceremony in January 11 at Sanmar’s Tuzla Shipyard, she has performed admirably alongside her diesel mechanical sisters in the Izmit Bay fleet.
During the commissioning ceremony Sanmar’s Vice President Ali Gürün commented: “Innovation, respect for the environment, quality, form, function, aesthetics and art; all are essential parts of this new tugboat and describe Sanmar very well. We are proud that this boat is joining our fleet and improving the quality and efficiency of our operations in Turkish Ports.”
A primary advantage of the CAT AVDTM system is the continuously variable transmission which can modulate propeller speed down to 0 rpm like a slipping clutch. It can also spin the propeller faster than would be possible if the engine was directly coupled to the drive, allowing the engines to operate in their peak efficiency zone instead of operating along the propeller demand curve at higher specific fuel oil consumption, thus resulting in significant fuel savings. With a FP propeller pitched for bollard condition at 0 knots, this feature enables full power to be taken from the engine when free running, much like a CP or diesel electric propulsion (DEP) system.
In the words of Nathan Kelly, Caterpillar Marine Product Definition Engineer, “This (AVD system) allows propeller speed independent of engine speed so optimal engine efficiency can be achieved leading to fuel savings of 15 to 20 percent. Basically, all the benefits of a variable speed diesel electric propulsion (DEP) system at a fraction of the cost and size.”
Other advantages include improved response and acceleration as well as lower overall maintenance costs due to significantly reduced operating hours on the main engines.
It is noteworthy that with this system the engines are smaller than would normally be the case in a tug of this power (3512 vs. 3516 engines). The additional power to achieve maximum bollard pull comes from the C32 engine that also drives the Fi-Fi pump. The diagram illustrates the machinery configuration and power flow scenarios for the four operating modes.
The vessel has been outfitted to Sanmar’s usual very high standards for a crew of six people. The main deckhouse contains the galley, mess, two officer cabins, and a common WC. The lower deck contains two double berth cabins, a laundry, galley stores, and a common WC space. The wheelhouse provides all round maximum visibility and exceptional visibility to the bow and side fendering. The engine room features a small, sound resistant switchboard room.
On trials, Bo?açay XXXVIII achieved 70.35 tonnes bollard pull and a free running speed of 13.3 knots. This first of its kind will now continue to provide valuable data on OPEX savings related to anticipated reductions in fuel consumption and planned maintenance costs compared to her diesel mechanical equivalents, sharing similar operating profiles in the same location. This data will be used by Sanmar and their partners in this project to not only drive marketing of this technology but to assist in scaling this technology across a wider bollard pull range in due time. In the meantime, we will be issuing regular press releases on progress and look forward to building further examples of the AVD tug for our many valuable customers around the world.
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